Hypertension is a clinical syndrome characterized by increased systemic arterial pressure and can be accompanied by a series of lesions or organic lesions such as heart, brain and kidney.
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, with high incidence, high mortality, and high disability. At present, the trend of the incidence of hypertension in the world is on the rise, and its prevention has become a top priority. So how to prevent high blood pressure? In combination with the latest relevant guidelines, prevention of high blood pressure should be done in the following seven points.
1. Low salt diet
A large number of epidemiological studies have shown that high salt intake is closely related to high blood pressure, and many countries have restrictions on the amount of salt consumed in the National Day. Low-salt diet has a significant auxiliary effect on blood pressure control. Therefore, it is necessary to promote a low-salt diet and reduce the burden on the kidneys, thereby alleviating the symptoms of hypertension or preventing hypertension.
2. Increase the intake of fresh fruits and vegetables
Existing research data show that supplementation of adequate potassium and magnesium ions in the diet can reduce the incidence of hypertension. Ordinary people’s blood pressure is generally higher than vegetarians. Eating fruits and vegetables rich in potassium and magnesium ions in daily life can also lower blood pressure. Therefore, while limiting the intake of sodium salt, moderately increasing the intake of fruits and vegetables (potassium and magnesium) can prevent high blood pressure.
3. Alcohol and alcohol limit
In patients with hypertension who smoke, the efficacy of antihypertensive drugs is reduced, and it is often necessary to increase the dose; in patients with hypertension who have long-term smoking, the long-term prognosis is poor. Long-term excessive drinking is a risk factor for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Drinking alcohol can also prevent the blood pressure from being controlled by antihypertensive drugs. After drinking alcohol, in addition to blood pressure, the efficacy of antihypertensive drugs will also be improved.
4. Reduce weight
Obesity, as one of the risk factors, can also cause an increase in blood pressure. For obese people, the primary problem is excessive food intake. It is necessary to investigate the dietary habits of the patients in detail and find out the root causes of dietary problems, such as eating snacks and nightingales, eating fat meat, etc., and then regularly monitoring body weight, if weight Increased, should be controlled in moderation.
5. Moderate exercise
Moderate physical exercise is conducive to blood pressure control. Long-term adherence to regular exercise can enhance the antihypertensive effect brought by exercise. Appropriate exercise is recommended for walking, 30 minutes walk, twice a day.
6. Regularly measure blood pressure
To prevent high blood pressure, you should regularly measure your blood pressure, and you can prepare your own electronic blood pressure monitor from a regular manufacturer. In addition, high blood pressure is affected by emotions. Under the state of nervousness or excitement, blood pressure measurement results are generally high. Measurements taken after the subject is exercised or immediately after labor can also cause high blood pressure.
7. Maintain a good mood and healthy living habits
In modern society, many people work long hours, high intensity, 996, or even 007 work mode, which leads to mental stress, often staying up late, which is a cause of increasing youthfulness of hypertension. Therefore, we abandon the sub-healthy living conditions and learn to conduct psychological counseling and catharsis. In daily work and life, pay attention to the combination of work and rest.
In short, for the prevention of hypertension, different physique people need to adopt different methods. For people with normal body indicators, they need to exercise more when they pay attention to diet, control their weight, and try to reduce oil and salt as much as possible, and quit smoking and alcohol. For those who are susceptible to high blood pressure, especially those who are too obese or overweight, they need to control and gradually lose weight. They should focus on daily exercise, strictly control diet, and maintain a healthy lifestyle. For people with a genetic family history, regular physical examinations are needed to reduce risk factors.